Year 7 Information Literacy Programme: Skimming and Scanning

A closer look at Skimming and Scanning.

 

 Since Skimming and Scanning are often muddled up by students this session concentrates of these two reading techniques, by giving them practical activities to do.

 

Skimming – a fast reading technique to get a quick idea what a book; website; chapter or page is about. (General Impression).

I give the students two skimming activities by asking them to skim read by looking for clues (headings, titles, or pictures), then I put a page on the screen for 5 seconds and ask them what the whole page was about.

 

 

 

Scanning – another quick reading technique – this time looking for an answer to a question. Tip – make sure you understand the question. Is is a Who, What, Where, When or Where question as this affects the answer you are looking for. (Number, Place name etc).

 

I have 15 questions about a job advert and give one question to each pair of students. Then make sure they understand their question before putting the job advert on screen for 30 -60 seconds (depending upon the ability of the group). Students need to scan the advert for their answer.

 

Having done both types of these fast reading techniques the students gain a better understanding of the differences and why they might read in these ways.

 

 

 

 

Year 7 Information Literacy Programme: Different Types of Reading

The latest Information Literacy session is an introductory session looking at different types of reading.

 

I demonstrate five types of reading:

 

Scanning : I scan for a fact (phone number)using a telephone directory

 

Skimming : I have covered a book about “Earth Sciences” in plain paper, I then flick through and skim read the chapter headings and the students have to work out what the book is about

 

Detailed Reading : I sit down and demonstrate reading for understanding, and make notes in the process

 

 

 

Reading for Bias : I show and read out an advert. Then discuss selling an ‘idea’ rather than just a product.

 

 

 

finally my favourite type of reading…

Reading for pleasure : I sit, relax and read my current reading material (Carnegie Long LIst books at the moment.

 

I then put the class into small groups and they are given four sets of cards. One set has the name of the type of reading, a second set  why we would use that type of reading, the third set describes how we would read, and the fourth set is a picture clue. The groups have to match the cards for each type of reading.

 

Common mistakes every year are the muddling of Skimming and Scanning, and confusion over Bias. But we have a closer look at these in later sessions…..

Year 7 Information Literacy Programme: Oliver

 

By having a closer look at searching for famous people, or famous places I was able to demonstrate and then allow students to use Oliver to find Dewey Shelf numbers.

 

 

 

Building on our previous sessions about picking a good keyword to unlock a question, I gave them three homework examples and asked them to identify the keyword.

As we were concentrating on names of people or places (Pablo Picasso, Mount Etna, etc) they had to work out that the second part (or surname) was the most important part. 

 

For example searching with “Mount” will find lots of infomation about Mountains in general, but searching with “Etna” will find less information but the finds will be more closely linked to Etna.

Screenshot of the Oliver Homepage

Screenshot of the Oliver Homepage

 

I then went onto demonstrate where to find Oliver, (on the VLE) 

how they can check which books they have borrowed, 

and how to do a Subject Search.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Students then logged onto a computer and found their way to Oliver before searching for Walt Disney, River Rhine, City of London, and Nelson Mandela, and recording the Dewey Shelf Number for each. Once completed they could then go on to explore their own account, and search for their favourite author, series or title, before hunting for the books in the MRC.

 

 

 

Year 7 Information Literacy Programme: Mind Maps & Keywords

So how do you pick a good keyword? and how are Dewey Numbers organised anyway?

 

Setting the scene with year 7…

 

Okay so your teacher goes and sets you ANOTHER homework challenge.

Find out about…, When did…., Who was… etc,

 

 So where do you start?

 

By picking a good Keyword to unlock the question.

 

You can then use this word to look in the Subject Index, Oliver Database, or even on the Internet.

To do this I gave my year 7 student a series of questions from which they had to to pick the keywords. The biggest challenege for some of them was not to write the actual answer!

 

So for example for the question…

 

 

 

 

“Name the colours of the spectrum” we discussed what results or information we would find if we picked “Colours” as our keyword rather than “Spectrum”.

 

 

They went onto organise their keywords and ideas into a mind map and used the Subject Indexes to find the shelf numbers.

 

It was great to see the penny drop with some of them when Dewey Shelf Numbers showed the relationship between Keywords.

Eg. Sport= 790, and all other individual sports shelf numbers start with… guess what the number 79 something.

 

 

 

  

 

Year 7 Information Literacy Programme: Christmas Fun

In the last IL session all 12 classes of Year 7 students learnt how to use the Subject Index, to look up keywords and find the corresponding Dewey Shelf Number.

 

During the last two weeks of term and in the build up to the Christmas Holidays I designed a Christmas ‘fun’ activity that allowed them to practice using these Subject Indexes.

 

I gave each student a Christmas picture (star, pudding, reindeer, etc) and they had to find the correct shelf number (star = 523, pudding = food = 641, reindeer = animal = 599, etc) then colour in their picture, cut it out and stick to their class Christmas Tree.

 

 

These trees are then hung up in the MRC and make great decorations. 

 

Each year this display reminds older students of how they can use the Subject Indexes. 

 

 

A prize is awarded to the class with the most correct Dewey numbers, best decorated tree and team work.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Subject Index is available in an editable format from Carel Press it is called the “Find it Index”

 

Year 7 Information Literacy Programme: Subject Index

Continuing from the last IL session, which introduced all 12 classes of Year 7 students to Dewey Decimal Classification, I showed them the Subject Index.

 

I started with a brief recap by making use of the podcast I had previously created about the 10 main classes in the MRC.

 

 

 

 

 I then gave them a story which had some missing words (those naughty book worms again!). I demonstrated how I could look up the missing word in the Subject Index to find the “magic” or Dewey Shelf number. They then had to fill all the gaps using the Subject Index, learning their way around it as they did the activity.

 

The Subject Index is available in an editable format from Carel Press it is called the “Find it Index”

 

Year 7 Information Literacy Programme: DDC

I’ve been working with the Year 7 students to introduce them to Dewey Order, or DDC (Dewey Decimal Classification), as part of their Information Literacy Programme.

I started by telling them a silly story about Mr Dewey, his wife, and their big house which was full of books. obviously when his wife couldn’t find her favourite cookery book she set him the task of sorting all the books out to make it easier to find what you want.

The story explains how he organised all of knowledge into the 10 main subject areas and then gave them subject numbers. The students are then given a floor plan of his house and have to label each room with the main subject area, the main Dewey Shelf number and then run around the MRC shelves to find each subject area, note the colour on the spine labels and then finally colour in their floor plan.

It can be a bit hectic but at least it gives them more confidence and gets them moving around the MRC.